Breed Organization American Brittany Club Website: http://clubs.akc.org/brit Native Country France Other Names Brittany Spaniel, Brittany, American Brittany, Epagneul Breton Life Expectancy Approximately 12-15 Years Litter Size Average 5-10 Puppies Breed Group AKC - Sporting Group
Breed Appearance The Brittany is a breed of gun dog bred primarily for bird hunting. Although the Brittany is often referred to as a Spaniel, the breed's working
characteristics are more akin to those of a pointer or setter. A Brittany is typically quite athletic, compact, energetic, and solidly built without being heavy. Other
characteristics include long legs and floppy ears. Their expressions are usually of intelligence, vigour, and alertness. Their gait is elastic, long, and free. Some
Brittanys are born with naturally short tails and others with long tails. If born with a long tail it is normally docked to a length of 1 to 4 inches. Brittanys come in a
variety of colors: orange and white coat or liver and white are most common in the American Brittany; other colors include orange roan and liver roan, all of which are
acceptable in the show ring. The American Brittany Standard does specify an acceptable tri-color of liver, orange, and white with very specific color placement which is
also acceptable in the show ring.
Breed Description Head: Round. Rounded skull. Gently sloping stop. Straight
nosebridge. Thin lips. Ears: Set on high, fairly short, slightly rounded, covered with
wavy hair. Eyes: Dark amber, matching coat color. Body: Square build. Neck medium in length. Deep chest. Fairly
rounded ribs. Short, broad loin. Tuck-up. Short back. Slightly
receding croup. Tail: Straight or hanging down (unless the animal is tailless).
Always short, about 10 cm in length. Often slightly twisted with a
tuft at the tip. Hair: Not too fine, fairly flat or very slightly wavy, never
curly. Coat: White and orange. White and brown. White and black.
Tricolor (white, black, and tan) or roan (colored hair mixed with
white). Size: Dog: 48 to 50 cm (19-20 in). Bitch: 47 to 49 cm (18.5-19
in). Weight: Dog: 15 to 18 kg (33-40 lb). Bitch: 14 to 15 kg
History The Brittany Spaniel is one of the descendents of the Chien d'Oysel,
a breed trained in the Middle Ages for netting game birds. He is the
product of the initially accidental nineteenth-century crossbreeding
of Brittany farm dogs;short, broad-backed, hardy, and used on
woodcock;with English Setters, English Pointers, and English
Springer Spaniels left in France during the off-season by British
hunters in order to improve the new breed's nose and speed. The
Brittany Spaniel became increasingly popular. Mr. de Pontavic and
Mr. de Combouz presented the breed in 1896 in Paris, and a breed
club was founded in 1907 in Lond�ac. The first standard was adopted
in 1908 and revised in 1938. The Brittany Spaniel is the second most
popular dog in France, and the most popular French breed abroad. He
is one of the most common pointers in the United States.
Behavior This hardy, enthusiastic, tireless dog with a fighting spirit can
hunt on any type of terrain. (Maximum quality for minimum size)
could be the motto of the breed club for this lightweight dog. With
an excellent nose, he tracks rapidly, points firmly, and is a very
good waterfowl retriever. A multi-purpose dog, he hunts game birds,
preferring woodcock and snipe. Even-tempered, gentle, intelligent,
and good-natured, he is a delightful pet. He needs gentle training.
Health Brittanys are relatively healthy dogs. Possible health concerns include hip dysplasia, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy),
skin problems by allergies, heart defects and epilepsy. If the dog is poorly bred it may result in temperament problems, such as nervousness or anxiety.
Advice He can adapt to apartment life as long as he gets long, daily walks
to let off steam. He requires brushing once or twice a week, as well
as regular attention to the ears.