Breed Organization Bulldog Club of America Website:
http://www.thebca.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Bulldog, English Bulldog, Bondogge, Bolddogge Life Expectancy Approximately 8 Years Litter Size Average 4-5 Puppies; This breed is prone to
delivering through caesarian section. Breed Group AKC Non-Sporting
Breed Appearance The Bulldog is a breed with characteristically
wide head and shoulders along with a pronounced mandibular
prognathism. There are generally thick folds of skin on a Bulldog’s
brow; round, black, wide-set eyes; a short muzzle with
characteristic folds called rope above the nose; hanging skin under
the neck; drooping lips and pointed teeth, and occasionally an
underbite. The coat is short, flat, and sleek, with colors of red,
fawn, white, brindle, and piebald.
Breed Description Head: Massive. Short face. Broad skull.
Loose, wrinkled skin. Deep stop. Well developed cheeks. Short,
broad, upturned muzzle. Broad nostrils. Thick, pendulous flews.
Broad, square jaws. Lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and
curves slightly upward. Ears: Set on high and placed wide apart. Small and thin. Rose
ear, in which the ear folds in such a way as to show the inside of
the burr. Eyes: Very wide set. Medium size, round. Very dark color. Body: Short, well-knit. Very thick neck with dewlap. Shoulders
broad and slanting outward. Capacious, round brisket. Ribs well
sprung. Elevated, b hindquarters. Belly tucked up. Short, b back.
Arched loin Tail: Set low, round, moderate length. Carried low, hanging
straight, not curving up. Hair: Fine, short, smooth, and thick. Coat: Uniform color with black mask or muzzle. Uniform colors:
red, fawn. Brindle, white, or piebald (white with the above colors).
Liver, black, and tan are undesirable. Size: 30 to 40 cm (12-16 in). Weight: Dog: 24 to 25 kg (53-55 lb).Bitch: 22 to 23 kg (48.5-51
History The Bulldog is thought to be descended from
ancient Mastiffs of Asiatic blood, combat dogs that were introduced
in Great Britain by early Phoenician navigators. Its name reflects
its original purpose; the bulldog was used for bull-baiting.
Organized dog fights were also the rule of the day. In 1835, the
cruel practice of bull-baiting was outlawed in England. In 1875, the
first Bulldog standard was published. Selective breeding since that
time has turned the Bulldog into a loving family pet.
Behavior The Bulldog is vigorous, courageous, hardy,
equable, and dignified. Despite his frightening appearance, he is an
affectionate, calm, quiet dog of excellent character. He makes a
marvelous playmate for children and develops a strong bond with his
owner. Firm training is required.
Health Prone to breathing problems; some have small
windpipes as well. Also poor eyesight, cherry eye, very susceptible
to heatstroke in warm weather or hot rooms and cars. Very cold
sensitive. Prone to mast cell tumors. Birth defects are common in
some lines. Susceptible to skin infections, hip and knee problems.
Advice The Bulldog can adapt to city living provided
he exercises regularly. He does not tolerate heat well. Daily
brushing is required. Special attention must be given to the folds
on his face to ward off possible skin irritation.