Breed Organization American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club Website:
http://www.ackcsc.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Cav, Cavalier, Cavie Life Expectancy Approximately 9-14 Years Litter Size Average 2-6 Puppies Breed Group AKC Toy
Breed Appearance The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the
largest toy breeds. Nonetheless, it is small for a spaniel, with
fully grown adults comparable in size to adolescents of other larger
spaniel breeds. Breed standards state that height of a Cavalier
should be between 12 to 13 inches with a proportionate weight
between 10 to 18 pounds. The tail is usually not docked, and the
Cavalier should have a silky coat of moderate length. Standards
state that it should be free from curl, although a slight wave is
allowed. Feathering can grow on their ears, feet, legs and tail in
adulthood. Standards require this be kept long, with the feathering
on the feet a particularly important aspect of the breed's features.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the English Toy Spaniel can be
often confused with each other. In the United Kingdom, the English
Toy Spaniel is called the King Charles Spaniel while in the United
States, one of the colors of the Toy Spaniel is known as King
Charles. The two breeds share similar history and only diverged from
each other about 100 years ago. There are several major differences
between the two breeds, with the primary difference being the size.
While the Cavalier weighs on average between 10 to 18 pounds, the
King Charles is smaller at 9 to 12 pounds. In addition their facial
features while similar, are different; the Cavalier's ears are set
higher and its skull is flat while the King Charles's is domed.
Finally the muzzle length of the Cavalier tends to be longer than
that of its King Charles cousin.
Breed Description Head: Round. Skull nearly flat. Stop not
very pronounced. Cone-shaped muzzle. Strong jaws. Lips not
pendulous. Well-developed, black nose. Ears: Set on high, long. Abundant feathering. Eyes: Large, round, not protruding, dark. Body: Long. Neck moderately long, slightly arched. Medium-sized
chest. Well-sprung ribs. Tail: Carried gaily but never much above the topline. Natural
or docked by more than one-third. Hair: Long, silky, not curly. Slightly wavy. Abundant
feathering. Coat: Black and tan (King Charles): raven-black with tan
markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, insides of the ears, chest,
legs, and underside of the tail. White markings not allowed. - Ruby
(the rarest variety): solid, rich red. White markings not allowed. -
Blenheim: rich chestnut markings well-distributed over a pearly
white ground. Markings should be divided evenly on the head, with a
characteristic kissing spot between the ears. - Tricolor (Prince
Charles): well-spaced and well-distributed black and white markings
with tan markings above the eyes and on the cheeks, insides of the
ears, inner legs, and underside of the tail. Size: 25 to 34 cm. Weight: 5 to 9 kg.
History This dog's history is both recent and ancient,
since the breed existed by the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
In 1926, an American dog fancier noticed that today’s King Charles
differs from the spaniel depicted in tapestries of yore. British
breeders then re-created the ancient toy spaniel that was once a
favorite of British kings and princes. Crosses with the King Charles
Spaniel, the Pekingese, and the Pug established the first strains of
the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, officially recognized as a breed
in 1945. The Cavalier King Charles is stockier and has a longer
muzzle than the King Charles Spaniel. The Cavalier King Charles,
which has eclipsed the King Charles, is becoming increasingly
Behavior Tough, lively, athletic, energetic, and very
spirited, this mini-spaniel was a hunting dog who tracked game by
scent and sight. Very good-natured, intelligent, and gentle, he is a
great companion. He does not bark excessively and is not a watchdog.
He needs firm but gentle training.
Health Prone to syringomyelia, hereditary eye disease
such as cherry eye, dislocating kneecaps (patella), back troubles,
ear infections, early onset of deafness or hearing trouble.
Sometimes hip dysplasia. Don't overfeed. This breed tends to gain
weight easily. Also prone to mitral valve disease, a serious genetic
heart problem, which can cause early death. It is wise to check the
medical history of several previous generations before choosing your
Advice He adapts well to city life but needs long
walks. He does not like being left alone, and he cannot tolerate
cold and dampness. He requires brushing and combing two or three
times a week, but no grooming. His ears and eyes must be checked