Canine Breed Menu

Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise
Breed Organization
Bichon Frise Club of America
Native Country
France - Belgium
Other Names
Bichon Tenerife, Tenerife Dog
Life Expectancy
Approximately 15 Years
Litter Size
Average 4-5 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Non-Sporting
Breed Appearance
Most dogs have a soft white coat but non-pure breads may show apricot, buff, or cream shadings commonly around their ears and fading after the first years of life and no graying of the muzzle when they are old. These dogs have curly and silky hair, usually between 3 to 4 inches long and very loose that helps with fashionable trims. Their head is proportional to their body, although with a fairly flat skull with rounded, dark eyes, flat cheeks, black nose, and thin lips. Another eye characteristic are the dark edges of eyelids and their pendulous, drop ears covered with fine, long curled hair, which are carried forward when the dog is alert. Bichon’s tail is raised without curling onto the back and curving gracefully. The Bichon Frise has a muscular, broad body, which is slightly elongated, with a long neck and a well-developed chest and rounded croup. Muscular tone in Bichon Frise dogs have overall exceptional quality, but mainly in their thighs and buttocks region.

Breed Description
Head: In proportion to the body. Skull fairly flat, longer than the muzzle. Stop not very pronounced. Flat cheeks. Thin lips. Black nose.
Ears: Pendulous, furnished with long, finely curled hair. When alert, carried fairly forward.
Eyes: Rounded, dark. Edges of eyelids dark.
Body: Slightly elongated. Neck fairly long, raised high and carried proudly. Well-developed chest. Broad, muscular, slightly domed loin. Slightly rounded croup.
Tail: Raised and curving gracefully without curling onto the back.
Hair: 7 to 10 cm long, fine, silky, curly, very loose, similar to that of the Mongolian goat, neither flat nor wavy.
Coat: Pure white.
Size: 25 to 30 cm.
Weight: 2.5 to 3 kg.

The Bichon Frise was once thought to be a Spanish breed introduced to the Canary Islands in the fourteenth century. For this reason, he was long called the Bichon Frise or the Bichon Frise, after the capital of the islands. The Bichon Frise was developed during the Italian Renaissance by crossing the Maltese with other small Barbets and Poodles. His name comes from the French diminutive barbichon. He was introduced to France during the reign of King Francois I, and he must have been all the rage under King Henry III, since he was this king's favorite breed. He was brought to Belgium during the Spanish occupation of Flanders. He strutted through the literary salons of the seventeenth century and of France's Second Empire and Belle Epoque. Recognized in France in 1933, he became a French-Belgian breed in 1960. The Bichon Frise is enjoying renewed popularity after a brief decline in the 1970s.

Stout, lively, exuberant, and very merry, the Bichon Frise is quite strong-willed. Very adaptable, intelligent, and gentle, he is a charming pet. He needs firm training.

Some are prone to watery eyes, cataracts, skin and ear ailments, also epilepsy and dislocated kneecaps. They can be very sensitive to flea bites.

He does well in an apartment but needs long walks and does not like being left alone. He requires daily brushing and monthly baths. The hair on his feet and muzzle should be lightly trimmed, and he should be groomed every three months. He hardly sheds and is very clean. His ears and eyes require regular attention.


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