Breed Organization United Kennel Club Website: http://www.ukcdogs.com Native Country Italy Other Names Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo Life Expectancy Approximately 14 Years Litter Size No litter information available. Breed Group Bichons and related breeds - FCI
Breed Appearance The Bolognese is a small, white, compact dog
with a distinctive white single coat. It is of small size, stocky
and compact. It is of square build and well-muscled. The head is of
medium length. The skull is slightly ovoid. The muzzle is large,
black and almost square. It has a developed jaw and the upper lips
don't cover the bottom lips. Its lips are black. It has white,
strong and evenly aligned teeth. Its eyes are well developed, open
and round. The rims of the eyelids are black and the iris is a dark
ochre color. The ears are set high and are long and hanging but
rigid at the base. The tail is carried curved over the back.
Breed Description Head: Round. Skull fairly flat.
Pronounced stop. Straight nosebridge. Front of muzzle nearly square.
Large, black nose. Ears: Set on high, long, pendulous. Upper pinna standing out
from skull. Eyes: Large, round, dark ocher. Edge of eyelids black. Body: Square build. Neck without dewlap. Broad chest.
Well-sprung ribs. Very slight tuck-up. Straight back. Very broad,
nearly level croup. Tail: Curved over the back. Hair: Long on entire body. Shorter on the nosebridge. Fairly
woolly, standing off the body in tufts. No feathering. Coat: Pure white with no spots. No other shades of white. Size: Dog: 27 to 30 cm.Bitch: 25 to 28 cm. Weight: Dog: 2.5 to 4 kg.
History The Bolognese's origins are commingled with
those of the Maltese, its close cousin. Their distant ancestors were
the small dogs Aristotle called canes melitenses. Throughout Roman
times, the Bolognese was a precious gift given among those in power.
Italians believe the breed was born in the city of Bologna. A
favorite of the Medici family during the Renaissance, he was popular
until the late eighteenth century, when the Poodle took his place.
Today, he is rarely found outside his native land.
Behavior Trademark traits of the Bolognese include:
playful, easygoing, earnest, willing, intelligent and loyal. They
are very serious and generally not very high energy. They are
normally more reserved and shy than the Bichon Frise. The Bolognese
is very responsive to obedience training. They are highly
intelligent, quick to learn and are easy to train but can be very
stubborn when they don’t get their way.
The Bolognese genuinely enjoy companionship of people and forms a
close relationship with his owner. They are true companions and
thrive on their owner’s attention. They have been known to follow
their owners wherever they go. They are friendly with strangers but
need to get accustomed to people at a young age. They can be
reserved with strangers at first but the response of the owners to
the new person greatly influences their behavior towards the
individual. Because of this, they are generally friendly towards
strangers after the initial meeting. Bolognese are true watchdogs,
but are not incessant barkers. They notice anything unusual and
faithfully notify their owners. Bolognese get along well with other
dogs but are happy to be the only dog in the family. They are
non-aggressive by nature.
Bolognese can be prone to small dog
syndrome, human induced behaviors where the dog believes he is pack
leader to humans. This can cause behavior programs including
separation anxiety and timidity. They do not do well when left alone
for long period of time. They may howl mournfully when the owner is
busy and cannot pay attention to him.
Health Bolognese are typically a healthy breed and are
not prone to any major problems.
Advice The Bolognese is an apartment dog. It needs
moderate exercise and does not like being left alone. It requires
daily dematting and combing and does not shed. It is very clean and
needs bathing only once a month. For showing, it must be groomed.
Ideal owners of Bolognese include families with children, retirees
and city dwellers. They are good with children as long as the
children are old, mature and responsible enough to handle these dogs
gently, carefully and safely. They are not a good choice for younger
children who can easily injure small dogs.[