Canine Breed Menu

Arabian Sighthound

Arabian Sighthound



No Additional Pictures
Breed Organization
American Sloughi Association
Website: http://www.sloughi-international.com
Native Country
Morocco
Other Names
Sloughi, Arabian Greyhound, Arabischer Windhund, Levrier Marocain, Sloughi Moghrebi
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-15 Years
Litter Size
Average 6 -7 Puppies
Breed Group
Sighthound
Breed Appearance
The Sloughi is a muscular and lean dog. This breed gives the impression of strength but it also gives the feeling of elegance. The Sloughi has excellent endurance and speed. It is also a very capable and efficient. This breed is gentle and affectionate and they tend to bond closely with their owner. The Sloughi is an intelligent breed that is curious and independent.

Breed Description
Head: Long, elegant, slender, but fairly large. Skull flat, fairly broad, rounded at the back. Very slightly pronounced stop. Straight nosebridge. Muzzle shaped like an elongated wedge. Strong jaws. Thin, supple lips.
Ears: Set on high, pendulous, lying very flat against the head, not too large, triangular, slightly rounded at the tip.
Eyes: Large. Eyelids slightly slanted. Dark or amber if the coat is light-colored.
Body: Square build. Neck long, without dewlap. Chest deep, not too broad. Flat ribs. Pronounced tuck-up. Bony, slanting croup. Short, nearly level back.
Tail: Thin, bony, carried above the topline.
Hair: Very close-lying, dense, fine.
Coat: Sand. Light sand with or without black mask. Chestnut-sand with or without black mantle. Smoky sand. Brindle.
Size: Dog: 66 to 72 cm (26-28,5 in).Bitch: 61 to 68 cm (24-27 in).
Weight: 30 to 32 kg (66-70,5 lb).


History
The Sloughi's origin is mostly a matter of speculation. It is thought that Sloughis originally came from the Orient or from what is today Ethiopia (the tributes to the Pharaohs included smooth Lop-eared Sighthounds from Nubia, south of Egypt). The Sloughi is one of the two African Sighthound breeds recognized by the FCI. On old fragments of earthenware (about 3000 B.C.), a short-haired sighthound with lop ears was discovered that looks like a Sloughi. Today, the Sloughi is found mainly in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Morocco is responsible for the breed's FCI Standard. It is not to be confused with the smooth Saluki of the Arabian peninsula and the Middle East, which is a variety of the Saluki breed. It is also not to be confused with the smooth Afghan Hound, which is a variety of the Afghan Hound. The Sloughi was and is still used for hunting in its native countries, and is also a reliable guarding dog.

Behavior
Very tough and active, the Sloughi has great stamina, is an excellent runner and hunts gazelle by sight. Independent, strong-willed and skittish, he is very attached to his owner but subtle in showing affection. He seldom barks but is very reserved toward strangers and perhaps one of the most mistrusting sighthounds. He makes a good watchdog. He needs firm training.

Health
The Sloughi is largely unchanged from ancient times, and so retains a robust genetic health. Only a few genetic conditions have been noted in the breed, in particular Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Fortunately the Sloughi is one of the breeds in whom this condition can be tested for with a small blood sample, and breeders are working to eliminate PRA from the gene pool. Like all sighthounds, the Sloughi is very sensitive to anesthesia, and can be sensitive to vaccines, worming, and other medications - so these routine treatments should be spaced apart instead of given all at once. Otherwise the breed tends to enjoy excellent health into old age.

Advice
He can adapt to city life, as long as he gets long, daily walks. He cannot tolerate cold weather. He must be brushed two to three times a week.

Function
The Sloughi is a hunting sight hound that originated from the country of Morocco. It is a short coated dog that is medium sized. The Sloughi was used along with falcons to hunt wild game. Some game that was hunted by this breed include gazelles, jackals, desert hare, and foxes. This breed is also used as a guard dog. It will protect its owner’s livestock and home. Over time, the Sloughi has adapted to the desert life in northwestern Africa, including the Maghreb area.


Dogs
Horse Herd