Breed Organization Afghan Hound Club of America Website: http://afghanhoundclubofamerica.org Native Country Afghanistan Other Names Tazi, Afghan, Kabul Hound, Barutzy Hound, Baluchi Hound, Balkh Hound Life Expectancy Approximately 14 years Litter Size Average 8 Puppies Breed Group AKC Hound
Breed Appearance The Afghan Hound is an aristocrat, his whole appearance one of dignity and aloofness with no trace of plainness or coarseness. He
has a straight front, proudly carried head, eyes gazing into the distance as if in memory of ages past. The striking characteristics of the breed-exotic,
or "Eastern," expression, long silky topknot, peculiar coat pattern, very prominent hipbones, large feet, and the impression of a somewhat exaggerated
bend in the stifle due to profuse trouserings-stand out clearly, giving the Afghan Hound the appearance of what he is, a king of dogs, that has held true
to tradition throughout the ages.
Breed Description Tough, hardy, and not as fast as the Greyhound, the Afghan Hound was
used in his native land as a watchdog and hunter of antelope, wolf,
jackal, and other game. The British Army used the Afghan Hound as a
messenger dog in India.
Head: Long. Skull long, not too narrow. Prominent occipital
peak. Slight stop. Long muzzle. Powerful jaws. Ears: Set on low, carried very flat against the head,
covered with long, silky hair. Eyes: Nearly triangular, slightly slanted, preferably dark,
but a golden shade is not a fault. Body: Long. Long, strong neck. Deep chest. Well-sprung ribs.
Prominent, fairly widely spaced hip bones. Flat, muscular back
sloping slightly toward the hip. Straight, strong, fairly short
loin. Tail: Not too short, forming a ring at the tip, sparsely
covered with hair, carried high in action. Hair: Very long, silky, fine hair covering the forequarters,
hindquarters, and entire body except the back from the withers to
the base of the tail, where the hair is short and dense. Long, silky
forelock starting on the forehead. Short and dense on the foreface.
Ears and legs covered with long, abundant hair.
History The Afghan Hound's origins are practically unknown. A cousin of the
Saluki (Persian Greyhound), his ancestors are thought to have been
brought from Persia (Iran) to Afghanistan, where they might have
developed their long coat. A favorite of Afghan royalty, Afghan
Hounds were brought to England by British soldiers around 1890,
after the second Afghan War. The first specimens shown in London in
1907 were a big hit. An English breed club was founded in 1926, and
the breed appeared in France around 1930. Afghan Hounds were a huge
fad in the 1980s.
Behavior The temperament of the typical Afghan Hound can be aloof and
dignified, but happy and clownish when playing. The breed has a
reputation among dog trainers of having a relatively low obedience
intelligence; as defined by author Stanley Coren. The Afghan Hound
has many cat-like tendencies and is not slavish in its obedience as
are some other breeds. The Afghan Hound has a leaning towards
independence. Owners should not be surprised if their Afghan Hounds
sometimes choose to ignore commands. Although seldom used today for
hunting in Europe and America where they are popular, Afghan Hounds
are frequent participants in lure coursing events and are also
popular as show dogs.
Health Afghan Hounds in UK surveys had a median lifespan of about 12 years,
which is similar to other breeds of their size. In a 2004 UK Kennel
Club survey, the most common causes of death were cancer (31%), old
age (20%), cardiac (10.5%), and urologic (5%). Major health issues
are allergies, and cancer. Sensitivity to anesthesia is an issue the
Afghan Hound shares with the rest of the sighthound group, as
sighthounds have relatively low levels of body fat.
Advice He can adapt to apartment life as long as he has space and lots of
exercise. He requires daily brushing and combing, as well as a
monthly bath and grooming two or three times a year.