Breed Organization Maremma Sheepdog Club of America Website:
http://www.maremmaclub.com/ Native Country Italy Other Names Maremma Sheepdog, Maremma, Pastore Abruzzese, Maremmano-Abruzzese, Pastore, Abruzzese, Cane Da Pastore Maremmano Abruzzese, Abruzzese Shepherd Dog, Cane da Pastore, Pastore Maremano Abruzzese Life Expectancy Approximately 11-13 Years Litter Size Average 6-10 Puppies Breed Group Flock Guard
Breed Appearance The Maremma Sheepdog has a solid, muscular
build, a thick white coat, a large head and a black nose. The coat
is long and thick; it is rough to the touch, and forms a thick
collar around the neck. It should be solid white; possibly with some
minor yellowing. Some divide the breed into various subtypes,
largely based on small differences in physical attributes and with
subtype names based on village and provincial names where the dogs
may be found, e.g. the Maremmano, the Marsicano, the Aquilano, the
Pescocostanzo, the Maiella, and the Peligno. However, biologists
dispute this division, as well as over reliance on minor physical
differences, as the dogs were bred over the centuries for their
behavioral characteristics as flock guardians.
Breed Description Breed Description Head: Large, flat, wedge-shaped; similar to that of the polar
bear. Stop not pronounced. Ears: Set on high. Relatively small, drop, triangular
(v-shaped). Cropped ears acceptable for working dogs. Eyes: Almond-shaped, relatively small in relation to the rest
of the body. Ocher or dark brown color. Body: Length greater than height. Large, strong neck. Deep
chest is well open. Well-sprung ribs. Rectangular back. Powerful,
muscular, slightly sloped croup. Tail: Covered with thick hair. Set on low. Carried down when
relaxed; when alert, carried at the level of the back with the tip
curved up. Hair: Thick, long (8 cm on the body, 2.5 in), harsh to the
touch. Short on the head. Collarette and fringes on the back of the
legs. Heavy undercoat in winter. Coat: Solid white. Ivory, pale orange, or lemon nuances are
permitted. Size: Dog: 65 to 73 cm. (25.6-28.7 in).Bitch: 60 to 68 cm.
(23.6-26.8 in). Weight: Dog: 35 to 45 kg. (77-99 lb).Bitch: 30 to 40 kg. (66-88
History It is believed that the Maremma Sheepdog is an
ancient breed. The Roman agronomist Varro mentions a breed of white
dogs in his writings as early as 100 BC. Like most European
Molossian types, this breed's roots can be traced to the shepherd
dogs of central Asia that arrived in Western Europe with the
Mongols. Until 1950/1960, the Maremma Sheepdog (short-haired) was
distinguished from the longer-haired Abruzzes Sheepdog. It was
determined that this distinction had been made only because of the
fact that this dog worked from June to October in the Abruzzes and
from October to June in the region of Maremma. Approximately
twenty-five years ago, Prof. G. Solaro wrote one standard for the
breed and the names were joined.
Behavior Calm, reflective, but proud and not likely to
be submissive, this dog needs firm training. He is devoted to his
owner, is good with children, and makes a good companion. Very
distrustful of strangers, he is a reliable, dedicated guardian.
Health Very healthy, although Maremmas may suffer
from hip dysplasia and eye disease.
Advice This breed is not suited for apartment living.
He needs space and a lot of exercise. This robust dog does not stand
heat well. Regular brushing is required.