Native Country Russia, Ukraine Other Names Sibi Life Expectancy Approximately 10-18 Years Litter Size Average 5 Kittens
Breed Appearance The Siberian is a domestic cat breed that has
been present in Russia for centuries. A longer name of the breed is
Siberian Forest Cat, but it is usually referred to as the Siberian
or the Siberian cat. Another name for it is the Moscow
Semi-longhair. The cat is an ancient breed that is now believed to
be ancestral to all modern long-haired cats. The cat has
similarities with the Norwegian Forest Cat, to which it is likely
closely related. It is a natural breed of Siberia and the national
cat of Russia.
Breed Description Head: Medium-sized, broad, triangular,
with rounded contours. Flat top of the head. Slightly curved
forehead. Cheeks not pronounced or prominent. Rounded, moderately
long muzzle. Nose broad between the eyes, receding toward the tip,
with a slight curve. Round chin. Long, thick whiskers. Eyes: Large, nearly round, well-spaced, set at a slight slant.
Traditional adult color: green to yellow, but blue in colorpoints.
No relationship to coat color. Neck: Moderately long, rounded, thick, very muscular. Body: Compact, moderately long. Long back, slightly curved or
arched. Well-rounded chest. Strong bone and muscle structure. Paw: Hind legs slightly longer than forelegs. Heavy-boned, very
muscular. Large, round paws with tufts of hair between the toes. All
claws but one are retractile. Tail: Moderately long, rounded, thick, very muscular. Coat: Semilong to long hair, fluffy, oily, waterproof,
effectively protecting the cat from bitter cold. Stiff guard hairs.
Long hair on the belly, slightly shorter on the shoulders and part
of the chest. Long, well-furnished ruff. Thick undercoat. All
traditional colors and color combinations are accepted except
chocolate and lilac. Colorpoint specimens are known as Neva
Mascarade. Fault: Straight profile. Narrow or pointed muzzle.
Almond-shaped eyes. Very long legs. Disqualify: stop on the nose.
History His pedigree must indicate his Russian origin.
This large cat lived in the wilds of Russia for quite a while. It
might be the product of crosses between domestic cats brought to
Siberia and the Ukraine and local wild cats. Its thick, insulating
fur is adapted to its harsh native climate. Mussa, a female red and
white tabby, and Tima, a tom, were purchased in St. Petersburg and
brought to Berlin in 1987. Hans and Betti Schulz bred the first
Siberians in their Newski Cattery. In 1990, some fifteen specimens
were recorded in western Europe. The Siberian has been established
in France since 1991. It was recognized by the F.I.Fe. in 1997. In
1990, Elizabeth Terrell imported the first specimens of the breed to
her Starpoint Cattery in the United States. T.I.C.A. recognized the
Siberian and published a standard in 1998. The breed is quite
uncommon outside eastern Europe and the United States.
Behavior These large cats exude quiet strength. They are
quite lively and can be highly active. Despite a strong personality
and character, Siberians are very friendly toward other cats. They
are playful and get along well with children. They are affectionate
and very attached to their owner. They have a soft voice. These
hardy, water-loving cats are good climbers and excellent jumpers.
They are not fully grown until the age of five. They are easy to
groom, since their coat resists matting. Normally, weekly brushing
is enough. During heavy shedding in the spring, daily brushing is
Health While both HCM and "FUS" do appear in the Siberian breed, it is important to realize the disease is no more prevalent than the general cat population.