Native Country Scotland Other Names N/A Life Expectancy Approximately 15 Years Litter Size No Information Available
Breed Appearance The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat with a
natural dominant-gene mutation that makes its ear cartilage contain
a fold, causing the ears to bend forward and down towards the front
of their head, which gives the cat what is often described as an
Breed Description Head: Round. Domed forehead. Rounded
cheeks. Jowls allowed in adult males. Broad, short nose. Slight stop
accepted. Well-rounded muzzle. Round whisker pad. Firm chin. Eyes: Large, round, fairly well-spaced. The color corresponds
to that of the coat. Neck: Short and muscular. Body: Medium-sized, stout, rounded, very muscular.
Medium-boned. Paw: Length in proportion to the body. Medium-boned. Round,
compact paws. Tail: No longer than 2/3 the length of the body. Thick at the
base, tapering to a rounded tip. Very supple and flexible. Coat: Two varieties: - short, thick, tight, very dense, fluffy,
resilient coat - semilong: This variety is called the Highland Fold.
All colors are recognized. Chocolate, lilac, and Siamese markings
are not allowed. Fault: Head too slender, pointed. Stop too pronounced.
Disqualify: tail too short, lacking flexibility due to abnormally
History A roly-poly guy with little ears set in a
caplike fashion, flat against the head In his 1897 Treatise on
Animal Breeding, Professor Cornevin indicated a breed of shorthaired
cat with pendulous ears that was fattened for eating in its native
China. A spontaneous mutation by a dominant gene that caused the ear
flap to fold forward was first observed in Scotland in 1961. William
Ross, a shepherd in Tayside, and his wife Mary noticed a white
female cat named Susie with folded ears who lived at the McRae
family's neighboring farm. Susie gave birth to Snooks, a white
female with the same type of ears. When crossed with a British
Shorthair, she gave birth to a white male named Snowball. This new
breed was named after the “folded ear” mutation. Unfortunately,
limb, tail, and joint deformities linked to the dominant Fd gene
appeared, to such an extent that the G.C.C.F. discontinued
registration of the breed in 1973. In 1971, Mary Ross sent some
Scottish Folds to Neil Todd, an American geneticist in Massachusetts
who set about breeding the cats again. Crosses were made with
British Shorthairs, Exotic Shorthairs, and American Shorthairs in
order to prevent severe joint disorders.The C.F.A. and then T.I.C.A.
recognized the breed, which was highly successful in the United
States. A return to Europe began in 1980, with the first Scottish
Fold born in France in 1982. Recognized neither by the F.I.Fe. nor
the G.C.C.F., the Scottish Fold is relatively rare throughout
Europe. In the United States, a Scottish Fold was crossed with a
Persian to produce a new, longhaired version called the Highland
Fold or Longhaired Scottish Fold, which is recognized by T.I.C.A. A
cross with rexes made in Germany in 1987 gave rise to the Pudelkatze
or Poodle Cat, a curly-coated feline with pendulous ears. With a
very limited population, the Pudelkatze is not yet recognized as a
Behavior Scottish Folds are especially peaceful,
non-dominant, and friendly toward other cats and toward dogs.
Gentle, very affectionate, loving, and very playful, they adore
family life. They are discrete and have a soft voice. Hardy and
resistant, these cats are excellent hunters. In terms of grooming,
they require weekly brushing. During shedding, their fluffy coat
must be combed regularly. It is best to keep an eye on their ears.
In order to prevent bone deformities, two cats with folded ears
should not be mated together. Instead, the Scottish Fold is crossed
with prick-eared cats like the British Shorthair or American
Shorthair. The "folded ear" characteristic is not visible until the
third or fourth week, and the degree of folding cannot be observed
until the fifth or sixth week.
Health Scottish folds are susceptible to polycystic
kidney disease (PKD) and cardiomyopathy.