Native Country United States Of America Other Names Munchkin Cat, Longhair Munchkin Life Expectancy No Information Available Litter Size No Information Available
Breed Appearance They are a small to medium sized cat and weigh
between 5 and 9 pounds when fully grown. Other than their short
legs, they look just like any normal cat. The short legs are a
natural mutation that shortens the long leg bones similar to the one
that gives the Corgis and Dachshunds their short stature. However
the spine of the cat differs in structure from that of a dog and so
the short legs do not result in the spinal problems that sometimes
appears in canines.
Breed Description Head: Shaped like an
equilateral triangle with rounded contours. Rounded skull. Flat
forehead. Cheeks can be broad, particularly in males. Slender muzzle
with a slight break . Moderately long nose. Firm but not prominent
chin. Eyes: Large, walnut-shaped, well-spaced, set
slightly at a slant. There is no relationship between eye color and
coat color. Neck: Moderately long, thick, and muscular. Body: Medium-sized. Round chest. Broad shoulders.
Spine as flexible as in other breeds. Moderate to heavy bone and
muscle structure. Paw: Short, medium-boned, very muscular.
Medium-sized, round, compact paws. Tail: Moderately thick, tapering to a round tip.
Well-furnished, held high and very straight in motion. Coat: Two varieties: - shorthaired - semilonghaired
Silky texture, moderate undercoat. All colors are recognized. Fault: Too stocky. Weakness in the back. Arched,
too heavily boned paws. Low, prominent sternum. Lockets or white
History A long body and short legs, like a Dachshund In
1991 in New York's Madison Square Garden, a strange cat with short
legs was shown. It was nicknamed the "Dachshund Cat" or "Basset
Cat". Already by the 1930s, cats of the same type were reported in
England but forgotten during World War II. A specimen was described
in Stalingrad in 1953. These cats are named after the inhabitants of
Munchkin Land in Fleming's famous movie The Wizard of Oz (1939). The
ancestors of today's Munchkins are descended from Blackberry, a
black cat found in Louisiana around 1982. The gene responsible for
short legs, the basis for this spontaneous mutation, is dominant.
T.I.C.A. recognized the breed in 1995 and published a standard the
Behavior While the Munchkin's short legs do not hinder
the cat's mobility, they do prevent it from jumping as high as other
cats. Active, lively, and playful, Munchkins are very sociable and
affectionate. They adore their owner. They are easy to groom,
especially the shorthaired variety.
Health Early speculations that the Munchkin will
develop spinal problems commonly seen in short-legged dog breeds did
not materialize. In 1995 several Breeders had their oldest Munchkins
X-rayed and examined for signs of joint or bone problems and no
problems were found. They are also known to get chicken pox. Two
conditions with increased incidence in the breed are lordosis
(excessive curvature of the spine) and pectus excavatum (hollowed
chest). These conditions can appear in other breeds and some
breeders have denied that it is a problem for the Munchkin. Small
litter sizes when two munchkin cats are crossed indicate that
embryos that are homozygous for the munchkin gene are non-viable.
Although the genetic mutation causing the short-legged trait in
Munchkins has been referred to as achondroplasia, achondroplasia is
typically associated with an enlarged head as well as short legs.
This combination of features is not seen in Munchkin cats. The
condition has sometimes been referred to as hypochondroplasia or