Native Country Isle of Man Other Names Isle of Man Cat, Manks, Stubbin, Rumpy Life Expectancy No Information Available Litter Size No Information Available
Breed Appearance With a naturally occurring mutation that
shortens the tail. Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but Manx
cats are best known as being entirely tailless; this is the most
distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated
hind legs and a rounded head. Manx cats come in all coat colors and
patterns, though all-white specimens are rare, and the coat range of
the original stock was more limited. Long-haired variants are
sometimes considered a separate breed, the Cymric. Manx are prized
as skilled hunters, and thus have often been sought by farmers with
rodent problems, and have been a preferred ship's cat breed due to
their ability to hunt vermon.
Breed Description Head: Relatively broad and round.
Moderately rounded forehead. Prominent cheeks. Muzzle slightly
longer than it is wide. Medium-sized nose without clear break, not
turned up. Well-developed, round whisker pads. Strong chin. Large
whiskers. Eyes: Large, round, slightly slanted. Color corresponding to
that of the coat. Neck: Short, thick, powerful. Body: Medium-sized, solid, compact (cobby). Broad chest. Short,
convex back. Croup very rounded and higher than shoulders.
Heavy-boned. Muscular. Paw: Forelegs shorter than hind legs. Heavy-boned and very
muscular. Round paws. Hopping gait resembling that of a rabbit. Tail: Variety: - Rumpy: tail absent (no caudal or coccygeal
vertebrae). There must be a depression at the tail base. - Rumpy
riser: no caudal vertebrae but one to three coccygeal vertebrae
covered by a tuft of hair. - Stumpy: tail several centimeters long,
one to three caudal vertebrae, often with bone deformities ("kinked"
tail). - Taily: normal or kinked tail. Coat: Short, dense, double coat (very thick undercoat). All
colors and patterns are allowed, with or without white. Fault: Eyes not set at a slant. Long, slender body. Flat back.
Short hind legs. Fine-boned. Disqualify: weakness in hindquarters.
History A tailless cat that hops like a rabbit This
cat's name is derived from its native Isle of Man, off the coast of
Ireland. These cats, described in China, Japan, Malaysia, and
Russia, were once thought to be from the Far East. For example, they
could have been brought by Spanish sailors after the wreck of a
Spanish galleon in Philip II's invincible armada in 1588. Actually,
the breed is the result of a spontaneous genetic mutation caused by
a dominant autosomal gene (M) expressed in various ways: from
tailless Manx cats (rumpies) to those with a normal tail (tailies).
Because of the high degree of inbreeding in the feline population on
the small Isle of Man, the M gene was easily passed down through
many generations. The Manx was very popular in England by the late
19th century. A Manx Club was created in Great Britain in 1901.
While very popular in countries including the United States and
Great Britain, the Manx is quite uncommon in France. A
semilonghaired Manx called the Cymric has been selectively bred in
Behavior With his excellent character, this cat adapts
easily to changes in lifestyle. Manxes are sociable and accepting of
other animals. Manx are prized as hunters, known to take down larger
prey even when they are young. They have long been sought as mousers
by farmers. A strong preference for them as ship's cats is thought
to be responsible for the world-wide spread (port to port) of what
originated as a very limited, insular breed.
cats, including the great cats, may use both rear legs
simultaneously to propel the body forward, especially when moving
quickly, Manx cats are often said to move with more of a rabbit-like
hop than a stride even when not running.
Health Some partial tails are prone to a form of
arthritis that causes the cat severe pain, and in rare cases
Manx-bred kittens are born with kinked short tails because of
incomplete growth of the tail during development; kittens with
stumpy to long tails have sometimes been docked at birth as a
"Manx syndrome" or "Manxness" is a
colloquial name given to the condition which results when the
tailless gene shortens the spine too much. It can seriously damage
the spinal cord and the nerves causing a form of spina bifida as
well as problems with the bowels, bladder, and digestion. Very small
bladders are indicative of the disease and it is often difficult to
diagnose. Death can occur quite suddenly and some live for only 3–4
years; the oldest recorded was 5 years when affected with the
disease. In one study it was shown to affect about 30% of Manx cats,
but nearly all of those cases were rumpies, which exhibit the most
extreme phenotype. Such problems can be avoided by breeding rumpy
Manx cats with stumpy specimens and this breeding practice is
responsible for a decline in spinal problems among modern,
professionally bred Manx cats today. Most pedigreed cats are not
placed until four months of age (to make sure that they are properly
socialised) and this usually also gives adequate time for any such
health problems to be identified. The breed is also predisposed to
rump fold intertrigo and corneal dystrophy.
cats such as the Manx cats may develop megacolon which is a
reoccurring condition causing constipation that can be life
threatening to the cat if not properly monitored by the owner and
the vet. In a majority of cases, it may be idiopathic. It is a
condition in which, due to absence of a tail, the smooth muscle that
normally contracts to push the fæces toward the rectum loses its
ability to do so.