Native Country United States Of America Other Names N/A Life Expectancy No Information Available Litter Size No Information Available
Breed Appearance The look of the American Curl can vary
significantly from one cat to another because of continued
outcrossing to non-pedigreed cats. All American Curls should have
the signature curled ear.
Breed Description Head: Medium in size, moderately longer
than wide, without flat planes. The straight nose gives way to a
slight rise from the bottom of the eyes to the forehead. Muzzle is
neither pointed nor square. No whisker pinch. Firm chin.
Eyes: Moderately large, walnut shape, and wide set. Color, which
must be clear, brilliant, and uniform, has no relation to coat
color. Neck: Medium. Body: Semi-foreign,
length one and one-half times height at shoulder. Boning and
musculature neither heavy nor fine. Paw: Moderate
length, in proportion to body. Forelegs slightly shorter than hind
legs. Straight with good muscle tone. Paws are medium in size and
rounded. Tail: Length equal to body length. Broad at the
base and tapering to a rounded tip. Coat: Two varieties:
Semi-long (currently the most common) - fine, silky; sparse
undercoat; no ruff, full plume on tail. Shorthair - fine, silky,
laying flat; minimal undercoat. All colors are permissible.
Fault: Deep nose break. Heavy, coarse coat with thick undercoat,
ruff. Ears set low; extreme curl (tip of ear must not touch back of
ear or back of head).
History A spontaneous mutation is responsible for this
breed's full crescent ear curl In 1981 in Lakewood, California, the
Ruga's welcomed a black, semi-longhaired stray with curled ears into
their home and named her Shalamith. At the end of the year, she gave
birth to four kittens, two of which had inherited the curled ears of
their mother. In 1983, Nancy Kiester, a breeder and friend of the
Ruga's, successfully showed Shalamith and her offspring at a cat
show in California. At the same time, she began selectively breeding
this new breed. The mutation resulting in the ear curl is caused by
a dominant gene that can be transmitted by one parent. Whether
sporting long or short hair, the American Curl has beautiful ears
accentuated by abundant interior furnishings. The cartilage is firm
to the touch. There are three degrees of curl: slight, partial, and
full crescent (the most coveted). The American Curl was recognized
by T.I.C.A. in 1985, then by the C.F.A. in 1991. The fist American
Curl arrived in France in 1988 (the first litter was born in 1989),
and the breed was introduced in Great Britain in 1995. The American
Curl is a rare cat, especially outside of the United States.
Behavior The American Curl has a well-balanced
personality and an even disposition. Mischievous, playful, and a
comfortable companion, this breed talks only rarely. The friendly,
affectionate, and loving, American Curl is very attached to his
owner. This breed is comfortable with other cats, dogs, and enjoys
Health American Curls need regular ear checks to make
sure their ears are healthy.