Feline Breed Menu

American Curl

American Curl

No Additional Pictures
Breed Organizations

TICA Executive Office
Website: http://www.tica.org
The Cat Fanciers' Association
Website: http://www.cfainc.org

Native Country
United States Of America
Other Names
Life Expectancy
No Information Available
Litter Size
No Information Available
Breed Appearance
The look of the American Curl can vary significantly from one cat to another because of continued outcrossing to non-pedigreed cats. All American Curls should have the signature curled ear.

Breed Description
Head: Medium in size, moderately longer than wide, without flat planes. The straight nose gives way to a slight rise from the bottom of the eyes to the forehead. Muzzle is neither pointed nor square. No whisker pinch. Firm chin.
Eyes: Moderately large, walnut shape, and wide set. Color, which must be clear, brilliant, and uniform, has no relation to coat color.
Neck: Medium.
Body: Semi-foreign, length one and one-half times height at shoulder. Boning and musculature neither heavy nor fine.
Paw: Moderate length, in proportion to body. Forelegs slightly shorter than hind legs. Straight with good muscle tone. Paws are medium in size and rounded.
Tail: Length equal to body length. Broad at the base and tapering to a rounded tip.
Coat: Two varieties: Semi-long (currently the most common) - fine, silky; sparse undercoat; no ruff, full plume on tail. Shorthair - fine, silky, laying flat; minimal undercoat. All colors are permissible.
Fault: Deep nose break. Heavy, coarse coat with thick undercoat, ruff. Ears set low; extreme curl (tip of ear must not touch back of ear or back of head).

A spontaneous mutation is responsible for this breed's full crescent ear curl In 1981 in Lakewood, California, the Ruga's welcomed a black, semi-longhaired stray with curled ears into their home and named her Shalamith. At the end of the year, she gave birth to four kittens, two of which had inherited the curled ears of their mother. In 1983, Nancy Kiester, a breeder and friend of the Ruga's, successfully showed Shalamith and her offspring at a cat show in California. At the same time, she began selectively breeding this new breed. The mutation resulting in the ear curl is caused by a dominant gene that can be transmitted by one parent. Whether sporting long or short hair, the American Curl has beautiful ears accentuated by abundant interior furnishings. The cartilage is firm to the touch. There are three degrees of curl: slight, partial, and full crescent (the most coveted). The American Curl was recognized by T.I.C.A. in 1985, then by the C.F.A. in 1991. The fist American Curl arrived in France in 1988 (the first litter was born in 1989), and the breed was introduced in Great Britain in 1995. The American Curl is a rare cat, especially outside of the United States.

The American Curl has a well-balanced personality and an even disposition. Mischievous, playful, and a comfortable companion, this breed talks only rarely. The friendly, affectionate, and loving, American Curl is very attached to his owner. This breed is comfortable with other cats, dogs, and enjoys children.

American Curls need regular ear checks to make sure their ears are healthy.

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