Native Country United States Of America Other Names N/A Life Expectancy No Information Available Litter Size No Information Available
The American Bobtail is an uncommon breed of domestic cat which was
developed in the late 1960s. It is most notable for its stubby
"bobbed" tail about one-third to one-half the length of a normal
cat's tail. This is the result of a cat body type genetic mutation
affecting the tail development, similar to that of a Manx cat. The
breed is not related to the Japanese Bobtail despite the similar
name and physical type—the breeding programs are entirely unrelated,
and the genetic mutation causing the bobbed tail are known to be
different because the mutation causing the American Bobtail's tail
is dominant, whereas the Japanese Bobtail tail mutation is
American Bobtails are a very sturdy breed, with both short- and
long-haired coats. Their coat is shaggy rather than dense or fluffy.
They can have any color of eyes and coat, with a strong emphasis on
the "wild" tabby appearance in show animals.
Head: Shape - broad modified wedge without noticeable flat
planes or doming, in proportion to the body. Cheekbones are
apparent. In profile slightly concave curve between nose and brow
with good length between brow & ears. Widening of the head and stud
jowls apparent in adult males. Brow - distinctive, evidenced by a
slightly rounded forehead to eye ridge; brow border is fleshy
creating and enhancing the top line of the eye. Eyes: Large. Almost almond in shape. Deep set. Outside corner
angled slightly upward towards the ears. Medium-wide apart.
Distinctive brow above the eye creates a top line to the eye and
produces the breed's natural hunting gaze. All eye colors
acceptable, eye color can be copper, gold, yellow or green; blue in
bi-color/van, colorpoint, lynxpoint or odd-eyed white cats. Nose: Wide, being equally as wide from the inside corner of the
eye through the length of the nose into a large nose leather.
Muzzle/Chin - Observable whisker break above a welldefined broad
medium length muzzle. Fleshy whisker pads. Chin strong and wide in
line with the nose. Ears: Medium. Wide at base with slightly rounded tips, as much
on the top of the head as on the side. Ear tipping and furnishings
highly desirable. Lighter colored thumbprints on the back of the
ears desirable on all tabbies including lynx points. Body: moderately long and substantial with a rectangular
stance. Chest full and broad. Slightly higher in hips with prominent
shoulder blades. Hips substantial almost as wide as chest. Deep
flank. Muscular and athletic in appearance. Allowance should be made
for slow maturation. Legs and Feet - in proportion to the body, of
good length and substantial boning. Paws: large and round. Toe tufts desirable in longhaired
varieties. Five toes in front, four in back. Tail: Is short, being half-length or less than that of the
average cat. The tail is flexible and expressive and may be
straight, slightly curved or slightly kinked or have bumps along the
length of the tail. Tail set in line with the top line of the hip.
Tail to be broad at base, strong and substantial to the touch, never
fragile. Straighter tails should exhibit a fat pad at the end of the
tail and are preferred over kinked tails. Length - Must be long
enough to be clearly visible above the back when alert, not to
extend past a stretched hind hock in length. Neck - medium in length
may appear short due to musculature. Coat: Shorthair Division: length-medium, semi-dense;
texturenon- matting, resilient with slight loft; density-double
coat, hard topcoat with a soft, downy undercoat;
miscellaneous-seasonal variations of coat should be recognized. Coat
may be softer in texture in dilute colors, lynx points and silvers.
Undercoat may be mouse gray in tabbies. Longhair Division:
length-medium-longhair, slightly shaggy. Tapering to slightly longer
hair on ruff, britches, belly and tail; ruff-slight, mutton chops
desirable; texture-non-matting, resilient; density-double coat.
Undercoat present, not extremely dense; miscellaneous- seasonal
variations of coat should be recognized. Coat may be softer in
texture in dilute colors, lynx points and silvers. Undercoat may be
mouse gray in tabbies. Any genetically possible color or combination
of colors is allowed. Preference shall be given to colors and
patterns that enhance the natural wild appearance of the breed. High
rufusing is desirable in all tabbies, including silvers, with no
penalty for lack thereof. Body patterns highly desirable in lynx
points and smokes. Faults: Tail too long or too short affecting the balance and
appearance of the cat. Tail kinked or knotted out of shape. Tail
rigid, fragile or set low. Straight tail not exhibiting a fat pad.
Round eyes. Weak chin. Extremely short muzzle or nose break. Cottony
History This American cat is rare outside of the United
States. Around 1964, an American couple named Sanders was
vacationing near an Indian reservation in Arizona when they noticed
a wild-looking kitten with a short, upright tail. They adopted the
kitten and named him Yodie. He was crossed with Michi, a Siamese. A
kitten from this litter, crossed with a cream-colored cat, was the
origin of the breed. The Bobtail's distinguishing feature, its short
tail, was the result of a mutation caused by a dominant gene.
Initially, the Bobtail's coat was short. However, Himalayans
(Colorpoint Persians in Britain) were introduced and resulted in a
medium-length coat. The breed was recognized by T.I.C.A. in 1989.
The semi-longhair American Bobtail, the longhaired version of the
American Bobtail, has the same characteristics as its cousin.
Behavior They are excellent companions for children and do
not mind being carried around like a sack of potatoes. They interact
well with people of all ages and serve a great purpose in the family
home as a major source of entertainment due to their clown like
personalities. They also offer a warm, soft shoulder to cry on when
needed. They are known for their love of games and can play fetch or
hide and seek for hours on end. They will often initiate a game and
can be very persistent until you play with them. They are basically
quiet cats in voice, however they do trill, chirp and click when
delighted. They are easily leash-trained and love to go for walks.
Not technically thieves, the American Bobtail's love of shiny
objects makes it necessary to keep jewelry boxes closed and even
Health The American
Bobtail is generally healthy, but tail-less American Bobtails can have spinal
problems that affect their ability to control defecation.