Bronze wing Pionus Parrot
National Audubon Society
Cornell Lab of Orinthology
The Avian Web
Order Psittaciformes, Family Psittacidae
Other Common Names
Blue headed Parrot
Violet-blue; head and nape bronze-brown,
feathers broadly edged dark violet-grey; chin white; throat dull
pink; back, rump and shoulder feathers dark bronze-green with blue
edging; breast and abdomen dark green broadly edged with dark
violet-blue; under tail-coverts red; wing-coverts bronze-brown;
primary-coverts and primaries purple-blue; tail dark blue, outer
feathers with red base; bill yellowish horn-color; skin to
periophthalmic ring dull to dark pink; iris brown; feet
Forest of tropical and sub-tropical zones
between 1,500 ft and 6,000 ft occasionally higher or lower; regular
visitor to cleared and partially deforested areas.
Northern part of South America, including
Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Peru.
Being curious, personable, and quite
intelligent, the Bronze-winged Pionus makes a wonderful family pet.
They are also a great pet for people who live in apartments or in
close proximity to neighbors (where noise can be a problem) because
they have a relatively quiet calm personality.
Pionus is a genus of medium-sized parrots
native to Central and South America. Characteristic of the genus are
the chunky body, bare eye ring, (which can vary in color), and short
tail. They are superficially similar to Amazon parrots, but smaller.
Coloration is generally subdued yet complex; under bright lighting,
their feathers shimmer with iridescent brilliance. All species share
bright red undertail coverts; the scientific name of one species,
the Blue-headed Parrot (P. menstruus), refers to this. Males and
females are similar, with no notable sexual dimorphism.
Pionus parrots are regarded as excellent pets, although some species
are very rare in captivity. Most commonly kept species are the
Blue-headed, Maximillian (Scaly-headed) and White-capped. Others,
such as the Dusky and the Bronze-winged have become more common due
to captive breeding.
Pionus parrots are quieter than
Amazon Parrots. Unlike some other companion parrots, aviculturists
have noted that they are not particularly energetic, and do not
generally enjoy hands-on play (for example, being flipped on their
backs), but they do provide companionship and are described as
gentle and charming pets.
When excited or frightened,
birds of this genus emit a characteristic wheezing or snorting sound
that is sometimes mistaken for a sign of distress, or a symptom of
disease. They also give off a musky or sweet odor that some
caretakers find unpleasant, but others enjoy.
parrots are susceptible to obesity, vitamin A deficiency, and
aspergillosis in captivity. These conditions, with the exception of
aspergillosis, are easily prevented.