Classification Order Psittaciformes, Family Psittacidae Scientific Name Amazona Vinacea Other Common Names N/A
Species Description Length 36 cm (14 in). Green; all feathers are
black-edged. Forehead, chin, and lores red. Upper throat, breast
and, sometimes, the abdomen, purple-red. Nape feathers bluish. Eyes
orange-red, beak red with a horn colored tip on the upper mandible,
legs gray. The female is darker tinged, and the beak is less red.
The young have pale red lores, and the beak is red only at the base;
the iris is yellow.
Habitat It inhabits lowland and highland Atlantic
Distribution Southeastern Brazil and Paraguay
Captivity Gentle, affectionate bird, but, as a rule, not
a good talker. Only young birds are easily tamed. Due to
deforestation their natural biotope is dangerously affected, and
therefore the export of this species is forbidden. The bird is now
on List B (Vulnerable). There are still many pet birds in Europe and
the US available, it is therefore time that aviculturists combine
their effots to save this species from extinction. The birds breed
in captivity without to many problems. The female lays 2-3 eggs;
both parents feed the young, which hatch after about 28 days.
High-protein baby cereal and bread soaked in honey-water are
essential during the breeding season; also necessary are sunflower
seeds, monkey chow, fruits (banana, apple, tomato) and greens.
Willow twigs are necessary throughout the year.
Summary An Amazon parrot is a large parrot of the genus
Amazona native to the New World ranging from South America to Mexico
and the Caribbean.
Most Amazons are predominantly green, with accenting colors that
depend on the species and can be quite vivid. Amazons, like all
parrots, are zygodactyl, having four toes on each foot-two front and
two back. They feed primarily on nuts and fruits, supplemented by
Amazons are known for their exceptional vocal abilities,
playfulness, and dexterity with their feet. They are very loyal,
loving companions; having them is somewhat like having a
two-year-old human child in ability and temperament for 50-plus
years. However, some Amazons are aggressive
(usually during their mating time), and they all require a lot of
attention when kept as pets. Parrots require more attention and care
than domesticated pets such as dogs or cats. Parrots are highly
intelligent wild animals.
While there are a number of species of birds that can be
kept as cage-bird pets with little human attention, parrots must
have daily attention in order to keep them mentally healthy. Parrots
are not for the inexperienced bird owner. All parrots need a lot of
stimulating activities to keep from being bored and terribly
destructive to themselves and their surroundings. In particular,
since Amazons are cavity nesters in the wild, their desire to chew
wood is strong, and they need to be provided with destructible toys
to satisfy this innate urge.
Amazons are actually very
similar in personality to monkeys, and both animals lead similar
lives back in their rainforest canopies. Amazons are very energetic,
playful, social creatures that crave lots of interaction with their
human owners. The best pet birds are hand-raised and have bonded
early with human companions. More than other parrot species, Amazons
are well known for their strong or often moody characters. They can
be, at different times, cuddly, loud, quiet, stubborn, silly,
jealous, playfully aggressive or irritable. They will play and fight
with their toys for hours on end, even rolling over on their backs
to juggle a ball or play with some string. Sometimes, however, an
Amazon will temporarily become possessive of a toy, or a person, and
may become quite aggressive toward anyone who tries to interfere.
Careless owners have had fingers or ears bitten, followed by a trip
to the hospital for stitches. This is the trickier aspect of owning
an Amazon parrot, you really have to understand your bird's moods
and behaviors. Amazon parrots are definitely not for all pet owners,
they need much more love and attention than most people would
expect. Owning an Amazon is very similar to owning a dog with wings.