Issue Description Squamous cells are the cells that make up most
of the skin, so squamous cell carcinoma refers to an abnormal growth
of these cells. Squamous cell carcinoma is usually developed in the
epithelial layer of the skin and sometimes in various mucous membranes
of the body. This type of cancer can be seen on the skin, lips, inside
the mouth, throat or esophagus. This type of cancer is characterized
by red, scaly skin that becomes an open sore. Other Names Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Causes Risk factors include:
Exposure to carcinogens
Chronic skin irritation or inflammation
Presence of premalignant lesions
Breeds Commonly Affected
Symptoms Squamous cell carcinomas commonly arise in
non-pigmented, either sparsely-haired or un-haired skin. It is most
commonly seen as a result of sun damage.
The lesion looks like a raw ulcer or non-healing sore. This dog skin
cancer is locally aggressive but rarely spreads until later in the
course of the disease.
Diagnosis To be diagnosed, a biopsy is done where a
sample is taken and examined under a microscope.
Treatment Surgical removal is the treatment of choice.
Where surgery is incomplete or not possible, radiation can be used.
Limiting exposure to the sun may help prevent sun-induced squamous